Download Fuels of opportunity: characteristics and uses in combustion by David Tillman, N. Stanley Harding PDF

By David Tillman, N. Stanley Harding

As electrical energy turbines and method industries are more and more looking more cost-effective fuels for the new release of electrical energy and approach warmth, there's an ever-increasing industry-led emphasise on exploring the potential of employing chance fuels. Fuels of chance: features and makes use of In Combustion Systems considers a various variety of chance fuels and their software via addressing the subsequent primary issues:

  • What are the categorical gas houses of those chance fuels?
  • What are the combustion/conversion features of those fuels fired on my own or together with traditional fossil fuels?
  • How are they most sensible utilized in strength settings?
  • What are the technical and environmental effects in their use?

In contemplating those fuels the publication offers designated up-to-date details on gas characterization techniques and gasoline usage technologies.

  • Explores environmental issues linked to chance fuels, equivalent to, how their utilisation of chance fuels can decrease airborne emissions
  • Provides pros in strength generation/energy use industries, a transparent definition of fuels of chance, evaluates their composition, highlights the fashionable features, and considers the applied sciences acceptable for his or her utilisation in power applications
  • Offers in-depth research of chance gas utilization, with a powerful focus at the courting among the combustion tactics and next outcomes to the constitution, reactivity, and similar houses of chance fuels

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Additional resources for Fuels of opportunity: characteristics and uses in combustion systems

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US Energy Information Agency, 2003. Annual Energy Review 2001. C. Hughes, E. and D. Tillman. 2003. B iomass Energy Utilization. EPRI. Palo Alto, CA. Bergesen, C. and J. Crass (eds). 1996. Power Plant Equipment Directory. C. Letheby, K. 2002. Utility Perspectives on Opportunity Fuels. Proc. 27 th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuel Systems. Clearwater, FL. March 4-7. Letheby, K. 2002. Utility Utilization of Opportunity Fuels. Proc. International Joint Power Generation Conference.

Control of NOx from the nitrogen in char, while beginning to be evaluated [ 18], is far more problematic than control of NO~ from volatile nitrogen. 3), the proportion of nitrogen that exists as volatile matter, and the pattern of nitrogen release from the fuel. Baxter et. al. [19] has documented that volatile nitrogen release from coals varies modestly as a function of the coal, however the Baxter data indicate that the nitrogen volatile evolution largely lags behind the release of volatile carbon and hydrogen---and release of the total mass of volatiles from the fuel mass.

I I IIIII . I I .. 9. Melting and Decomposition Temperatures of Nickel and Vanadium Compounds Potentially Formed from Petroleum Coke Combustion .................. Compound .... S;mbol ' Melting anti....... 2V205 ..... 855 . . . Source: [4] iii iiiiiiiiiiiiii IIII II II IIIIIII I Note the wide array of potential compounds that can be formed depending upon temperature and combustion conditions. The vanadium trioxide (V203) and vanadium tetraoxide (V204) compounds are typically associated with approximate unburned carbon levels in the flyash >10 percent.

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