By OECD Publishing; International Energy Agency
The worldwide power process faces pressing demanding situations. issues approximately power protection are turning out to be, as highlighted by way of the hot political turmoil in Northern Africa and the nuclear incident in Fukushima. while, the necessity to reply to weather switch is extra serious than ever. in contrast history, many governments have elevated efforts to advertise deployment of renewable strength – low-carbon resources that may improve power safeguard. This has prompted unheard of upward thrust in deployment, and renewables are actually the fastest
growing quarter of the power mix.
This “coming of age” of renewable strength additionally brings demanding situations. development is targeted on some of the on hand applied sciences, and speedy deployment is restrained to a comparatively small variety of nations. in additional complex markets, handling aid charges and process integration of huge stocks of renewable power in a time of financial weak spot and funds austerity has sparked lively political debate.
The IEA’s new file, Deploying Renewables 2011: top and destiny coverage Practice:
· presents a finished overview and research of renewable power coverage and industry trends;
· Analyses intimately the dynamics of deployment and offers best-practice coverage ideas for various phases of industry maturity;
· Assesses the influence and cost-effectiveness of aid rules utilizing new methodological instruments and indicators;
· Investigates the strategic purposes underpinning the pursuit of RE deployment through diversified nations and the customers for globalisation of RE.
This new publication builds on and extends a 2008 IEA e-book, drawing on fresh coverage and deployment adventure world-wide. It presents advice for coverage makers and different stakeholders to prevent prior blunders, conquer new demanding situations and make the most of deploying renewables – at the present time and the next day.
Read Online or Download Deploying Renewables : Best and Future Policy Practice PDF
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Additional info for Deploying Renewables : Best and Future Policy Practice
Storage capacity has comparably low impacts on levelised costs. Primarily, storage is incorporated to shift electricity production and not because of its effect on levelised costs. Investment costs per watt are expected to decrease for larger trough plants, going down by 12% when moving from 50 MW to 100 MW, and by about 20% when scaling up to 200 MW (IEA, 2010d). Costs associated with power blocks, balance-of-plant and grid connection are expected to drop by 20%–25% as plant capacity doubles. Investment costs are also likely to be driven down by increased competition among technology providers, mass production of components and greater experience in the financial community with investing in CSP projects.
Overall generation, including hydro power, grew by 35% between 2000 and 2009, and by 17% between 2005 and 2009. 3% in 2009. 8% of all the electricity from RE sources in 2009. 6). indd 36 © OECD/IEA, 2011 Note: Data is rounded to full TWh values. The sum of the individual figures may not tally with the total due to the rounding of numbers. 2 Growth in global power generation from renewable sources, 2000-09 Tide, wave and ocean 4 500 CSP 3 500 Solar PV 4 000 3 000 2 500 Geothermal 2 000 Wind 1 500 Bioenergy Hydro TWh 1 000 500 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Key point Electricity generation from RE sources has been growing strongly; hydro is still the main source.
Feedstock costs are less significant and should in many cases be much less susceptible to feedstock cost variability, and the price for processes that rely on residues or non-food crops. Because these processes are not yet fully commercialised, production cost estimates are uncertain and based on design studies rather than practical experience. 18). Also, because the processes are novel, considerable scope is available for cost reduction and improvements in efficiency and product yield. These processes are expected to yield biofuels that are competitive with gasoline (and with conventional biofuels) between 2030 and 2040 (IEA, 2011c).