Download Civil War in Poland, 1942–1948 by Anita J. Prażmowska (auth.) PDF

By Anita J. Prażmowska (auth.)

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The ministry of home affairs was taken over by Stanisl´aw Mikol´ajczyk, from the Peasant Alliance party. It is important to consider the impact that conflicts in London had on relations between the exile authority and the underground resistance, and on relations between the various organizations in Poland. Thus, while Sikorski fought for control of the exiled government, trying to reduce the president’s authority, at the same time he had to monitor the impact of his policies on developments in Poland.

ZWZ renamed AK used the need to retain operational freedom to shake off the political parties’ attempts to control the underground resistance and to reduce the constraints imposed by the government in exile. 20 In trying to deal with such conflicts the government would be only too aware of its limited ability to enforce its policies on organizations operating in Poland. The end of 1942 marked a new stage in relations between underground organizations. Sikorski realized his plan for the reorganization of the underground movement in Poland when in October a courier conveyed to Poland a council of ministers’ decree defining the future role of the government Delegate.

The attack was led by the Polish ambassador to France, Juliusz ´l ukasiewicz, but the president was only too happy to have an excuse to dismiss Sikorski and to appoint August Zaleski as the next prime minister. The conflict which was played out in public and with the British authorities fully informed of its details, was finally resolved by Sosnkowski’s mediation. The result was that henceforth Sikorski became more dependent on British support, while opposition to his policies did not diminish. Polish units that had been evacuated from France were now concentrated in Scotland where the harsh conditions and inactivity created circumstances conducive to festering discontent and intrigues.

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