By MANUEL CASTELLS, GUSTAVO CARDOSO EDS.
Piracy CulturesEditorial Introduction
University of Southern California
Lisbon college Institute (ISCTE-IUL)
What are ""Piracy Cultures""? often, we glance at media intake ranging from a media definition. we glance at television, radio, newspapers, video games, net, and media content material as a rule, all departing from the concept that the entry to such content material is made to be had throughout the cost of a license cost or subscription, or just simply because it’s both paid or on hand at no cost (being supported by means of ads or lower than a ""freemium"" enterprise model). that's, we glance at content material and how humans engage with it inside of a given approach of suggestion that sees content material and its distribution channels because the made of relationships among media businesses, agencies, and individuals—effectively, a advertisement dating of a contractual sort, with accordant rights and obligations.
But what if, for a second, we grew to become our consciousness to the empirical proof of media intake perform, not only in Asia, Africa, and South the US, but additionally everywhere Europe and North the USA? world wide, we're witnessing an increasing number of humans development media relationships outdoor these institutionalized units of rules.
We don't intend to debate even if we're facing felony or unlawful practices; our launching aspect for this research is that, whilst a truly major share of the inhabitants is construction its mediation via substitute channels of acquiring content material, such habit will be studied that allows you to deepen our wisdom of media cultures. simply because we'd like a name to represent these cultures in all their diversity—but while, of their commonplaceness—we suggest to name it ""Piracy Cultures.""