By Jens Holm-Nielsen, Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen
Biomass offer Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of power new release by using biomass and the methods it truly is changing into extra familiar. the availability chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, shipping, shop, and get ready them for combustion or refinement into different kinds of gas are lengthy and intricate, usually differing from feedstock to feedstock.
Biomass provide Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers each point of those provide chains, together with their layout, administration, socioeconomic, and environmental affects. the 1st a part of the booklet introduces provide chains, biomass feedstocks, and their research, whereas the second one half seems on the harvesting, dealing with, garage, and transportation of biomass. The 3rd half experiences the modeling of offer chains and their administration, with the ultimate part discussing, in minute aspect, the availability chains interested by the construction and utilization of person feedstocks, resembling wooden and sugar starches, oil plants, commercial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks.
- Focuses at the complicated provide chains of a number of the strength feedstocks for biomass power generation
- Studies quite a lot of biomass feedstocks, together with woody strength vegetation, sugar and starch plants, lignocellulosic plants, oil vegetation, grass plants, algae, and biomass waste
- Reviews the modeling and optimization, criteria, qc and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental affects of provide chains
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Extra resources for Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining
The biofuel pathways included bioethanol from wheat and sugar beet, biodiesel from oilseed rape, and ethanol from miscanthus, and their life cycle emissions of GHG were calculated using LCA. For ﬁrst-generation biofuels from food crops, direct LUC effects were neglected, assuming that only the end uses of the harvested products were changed (and not the crops themselves). So only indirect effects were accounted for. For the second-generation ethanol pathway, the miscanthus feedstock was assumed to be grown either on fallow land (ie, incurring solely a direct LUC effect) or cropland (ie, incurring both direct and indirect LUC effects).
2014b). Changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) content depend on feedstock type and management as well as the former land use history. , 2008). Increasing the cultivation of whole-plant annual lignocellulosic crops or the rates of residue removal from arable cropping systems are also likely to decrease SOC stocks (Gabrielle and Gagnaire, 2008; Safﬁh-Hdadi and Mary, 2008). , 2011). Bioenergy feedstocks may impact water resources both from quantitative and qualitative perspectives. Switching from annual crops to perennial plants, or from C3 to C4 crops, may affect the magnitude and temporal patterns of water consumption by managed ecosystems.
The situation strongly differs when bioenergy crops are grown on former cropland. In areas dominated by agriculture, arable weeds and their associated invertebrates have dramatically declined due to the heavy use of agrochemicals, especially pesticides. , 2014a). 4 Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Bioreﬁning Land use change effects At a global scale, displacing food crops with energy crops in any world region may result in net emissions of GHG through changes in land use, whether direct (ie, occurring on the particular plot undergoing a change in management) or indirect (in another region).