By David William Lloyd
In the aftermath of the nice warfare, a wave of holiday makers and pilgrims visited the battlefields, cemeteries and memorials of the battle. The cultural heritage of this ‘battlefield tourism' is chronicled during this soaking up and unique ebook, which indicates how the phenomenon served to build reminiscence in Britain, in addition to in Australia and Canada. the writer demonstrates that prime and occasional tradition, culture and modernism, the sacred and the profane have been usually inter-related, instead of polar opposites. some of the responses to the particular and imagined landscapes of battlefields are mentioned, in addition to bereavement and the way this used to be formed by way of gender, faith and the army event. person reminiscence and adventure mixed with nationalism and ‘imperial' identification as robust forces informing the pilgrim adventure. yet this booklet not just analyzes trip to battlefields, which unsurprisingly paralleled the expansion of the fashionable vacationer undefined; it additionally appears to be like heavily on the transformation of nationwide battle memorials into pilgrimage websites, and indicates how responses either to battlefields and memorials, which proceed to function effective symbols, developed within the years after the nice War.
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Extra resources for Battlefield Tourism: Pilgrimage and the Commemoration of the Great War in Britain, Australia and Canada, 1919-1939
113. 44 Tourism and Pilgrimage, 1860–1939 battlefield is a time of fun and frivolity. The behaviour of the tourists shocks one of the veterans, who says to his companion: ‘“There’s High Wood. There’s the Butte. And you see what it all means to them. They allowed it to come, and they kept it going, and now the bitter end is a souvenir for them. ”’156 The divide between the front and the home front often merged into a divide between men and women. 157 It was also evident in descriptions of battlefield travel.
2. 139. 1925), Thomas Cook Archive. 140. F. Muirhead, Belgium and the Western Front, British and American (London, 1920), p. lxiv. 141. Daily Express, 23 Sept. 1919. 142. ; 6, 8 Oct. 1919. 143. Evening News, 18 June 1919. 144 The language used to describe the threat posed by the battlefield tourist also drew upon pre-war attacks on tourists, concentrating on their vulgarity and ignorance. Rowland Fielding was disgusted when he conducted an American Army doctor over the old Loos battlefield, because the doctor was entirely absorbed in collecting souvenirs.
V. Brittain, Honourable Estate: A Novel of Transition (London, 1936), pp. 497, 533–4. 46 Tourism and Pilgrimage, 1860–1939 Further, the divide existed more as an expression of sentiment than a statement of reality. While it was possible to describe the ‘tourist’ as a symbol of those who had profited from the war or who were oblivious to the sacrifices offered by the dead, bereaved relatives and ex-servicemen, there were few people in reality who had not been touched by the war. Many would have known friends or relatives who had been killed or injured in the fighting or who were bereaved as a consequence of it.