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By W. Buckel, B. Stritzker (auth.), S. T. Picraux, E. P. EerNisse, F. L. Vook (eds.)

Conferences were held long ago on atomic collision phenomena and at the purposes of ion beams to semiconductors. in spite of the fact that, in the earlier yr it turned obvious that there's a transforming into new quarter of lively learn related to using ion beams to switch and research the elemental houses of metals. hence a topical convention used to be equipped to collect for the 1st time scientists with a variety of backgrounds and pursuits on the topic of this box. This publication includes the continue­ ings of the foreign convention on functions of Ion Beams to Metals which was once held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, October 2-4, 1973. a lot of the paintings provided herein represents principles and ideas that have had very little past publicity within the open literature. the appliance of ion beams to superconducting prop­ erties for instance is kind of new, as is the bankruptcy on ion caused floor reactions, which include essentially oxidation and corrosion reviews of implanted fabrics. those parts, in addition to the bankruptcy on implantation alloy formation, point out very important destiny components of the applying of ion beams to metals. A analyzing of the chapters on superconductivity and on oxida­ tion and corrosion can serve to carry one brand new on approximately the entire latest info in those components of the ion beam mod­ ification of metals. A vast point of view of the oxidation quarter is given within the invited paper by way of G. Dearnaley.

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Substrate 1 ... 0 ... 0 ... '': 10 en i5 I C 0 1 ____ o ~ ____ 200 ~ ____ 400 ~ ____ 600 ~ 800 ____ ~ 1000 __ ~ ____ 1200 ~ ____ 1400 A Penetration Depth Rp Figure 1. )/

A. LOOMIS Although the damage in the niobium foils due to the Ni-ion irradiation is confined to a layer below the surface, the bombarded specimens show a pronounced increase in the transverse critical current density J (Fig. 2) relative to the unirradiated sample and a considerable fiysteresis of their magnetization curves (Fig. 3). The increase of J is several orders of magnitude greater. However, we have t5 keep in mind that during the hightemperature irradiation at a vacuum of 10- 7 torr the foils pick up a considerable amount of gas atoms, which also can produce an increase in J (H).

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