By Dr. H. van Dop, Prof. Dr. P. Fabian, Dr. H. Güsten, Dr. J. M. Hales, Dr. A. Wint (auth.)
Environmental Chemistry is a comparatively younger technological know-how. curiosity during this topic, in spite of the fact that, is transforming into very speedily and, even supposing no contract has been reached as but in regards to the targeted content material and boundaries of this interdisciplinary self-discipline, there seems to be expanding curiosity in seeing environmental issues that are in accordance with chemistry embodied during this topic. one of many first goals of Environmental Chemistry needs to be the research of our surroundings and of common chemical strategies which take place within the atmosphere. a tremendous goal of this sequence on Environmental Chemistry, for that reason, is to offer a pretty uniform view of varied points of the chemistry of our surroundings and chemical reactions happening within the surroundings. the commercial actions of guy have given a brand new measurement to Environmental Chemistry. we've got synthesized and defined over 5 million chemicals and chemical produces approximately hundred and fifty million hundreds artificial chemical substances every year. We send billions of a whole lot oil in step with 12 months and during mining operations and different geophysical alterations, huge amounts of inorganic and natural fabrics are published from their average deposits. towns and metropolitan parts of as much as 15 million population produce huge amounts of waste in quite small and limited parts. a lot of the chemical items and waste items of recent society are published into the surroundings both in the course of creation, garage, delivery, use or final disposal. those published fabrics perform usual cycles and reactions and often bring about interference and disturbance of common systems.
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35 CF 2Cl2 (CFC-12) . . . 36 Carbon Tetrachloride (CCI 4 ) 37 Methyl Chloroform (CH 3CCI 3) 38 CHF 2CI (CFC-22). . . 39 Sources, Budgets and Distribution of Other Atmospheric Halocarbons 41 CF 4 (CFC-14) . . . . . . . 41 C2F 6 (CFC-1l6) . . . . . . 42 C2F 3Cl 3 (CFC-l13) and C2F 4 Cl 2 (CFC-114) 42 C2F sCI (CFC-115) and CF 3CI (CFC-13) . 43 Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) and CF3Br (CFC-13 Bl) 45 Methyl Iodide (CH3I) 46 Concluding Remarks 47 Acknowledgements 49 References. . . 49 Summary This report reviews the present knowledge about all halocarbon species that contribute to the stratospheric halogen budget.
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