By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a manner of constructing a residing to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings lifestyles, and miners ruled its social lifestyles. the big immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a specialty to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the website of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North critical Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that via 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the group, and the advantages and constraints of existence in an organization city.
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Extra resources for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
A twenty-five-thousand-dollar loan from a local bank in the spring of that year apparently did little to ease the financial crunch. 10 One of Texas' early captains of industry, Robert Hunter quickly earned a reputation as an opportunistic entrepreneur, fierce competitor, and Page 7 autocratic employer. In his lifetime, he built an estimated $750,000 to $1,000,000 personal fortune as a cattle broker, mining investor, and investment banker. A native of Ayrshire, Scotland, Hunter emigrated to Illinois with his parents in 1842.
The winding, barren hills have stood for centuries as frowning sentinels over waste places where the wolf and the cougar could scarce make shift for a living. The stunted post oak and black jack that fringed the red colored ridges were the only evidences it gave of even scant fertility. He would have been a bold dreamer who . . would have dared to predict that in the heart of such a scene would arise the most important and most successful industrial enterprise now in operation in Texas. E. G. Senter In 1888, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) first reported the potential for commercial production of bituminous coal in the carboniferous coal beds running through the isolated and desolate western fringe of North Central Texas.
3 The result has been an outpouring of illuminating studies that tell us more about the demographic makeup of worker communities and the importance of the culture of an occupation, family and social life, and the habits that shaped everyday events and patterns of protest. At center stage throughout is the worker. The work that follows attempts to synthesize the old and the new labor history while analyzing and narrating the story of a coal-mining, company-owned town in turn-of-the-century North Central Texas.