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By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in another country enlargement 1400-1668 provides an obtainable survey of ways the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as faraway as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the tips and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a around the world enterprise. ultimately, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in another country groups have been, surviving wars and typical mess ups, and warding off assaults by way of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and thesaurus, A historical past of Portuguese out of the country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of ecu expansion

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In 1448–9 the island of Lanzarote was occupied by one of Henrique’s men, and there were independent voyages by ships from Madeira. 82 A diplomatic flurry followed this incident which may well have contributed to the Portuguese determination to underpin their claims in Guinea with further Papal Bulls. While Henrique was alive he retained an active interest in licensing commercial voyages to Africa and spent a lot of his time at Raposera near Lagos in the extreme south-west of Portugal, where he apparently employed a Venetian agent to encourage Venetians to invest in African commercial ventures.

England also supported the Roman papacy and therefore became a natural ally of the Portuguese. 32 The nobility and the military classes in late medieval Portugal33 The state of almost endemic civil war in Portugal disguised the growing dependency of the noble class. The Black Death had been followed by widespread rural depopulation and a fall in the income from land. As a result status, and the wealth to maintain it, came increasingly to depend on gaining a share of the resources and patronage of the church or the Crown.

Ceuta was chosen as a target because of its strategic importance, for it controlled the African side of the Straits of Gibraltar and had been the point from which previous Muslim invasions of the peninsula had been mounted. 56 Ceuta was also an important commercial city in its own right, and was surrounded by rich agricultural land where horse breeding and the production of wheat and textiles flourished. The Portuguese also hoped they would gain direct access to the Sahara caravan trade. Ceuta, it was argued, could become a bridgehead from which the reconquista could once again be resumed with lands, lordships and tribute-paying populations awaiting the victors.

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